Does your job application require you to pass a numerical reasoning test? This page
should give you all the practice and advice you need. Our practice tests are created by
the same psychologists who design tests for the likes of CEB SHL, Kenexa, Talent Q, and
Saville Consulting So our test platform and example questions will give you a good feel
for the numerical tests employers use. Performing your best in your numerical reasoning
test is all about practice, and knowing what to expect!
Here are screenshots of our numerical reasoning practice tests:
What you should know before taking your numerical reasoning test
With thousands of job applicants to choose from, it's common for employers to use
aptitude testing to sift the good candidates from the mediocre. The most common way for
employers to use numerical reasoning tests is online, after they have
accepted your CV or initial application form. If you pass your online test larger
employers tend to then invite you to an assessment centre. Often
employers ask you to sit a repeat test at the assessment centre to verify that you are
indeed the same person who scored that great score on the online test, so don't
get your friends to help with your online test! The best way to familiarise
yourself with these tests is to take one of our free example numerical reasoning tests
As well as taking example tests, you should read the advice and findings
below on how these tests work and what they measure
By taking example numerical reasoning tests you will become familiar with the question
format. Luckily for you most employers use a similar format of numerical reasoning test,
which means it's easy to get some realistic practice beforehand.
The great thing about the numerical reasoning tests used for employment selection is that
they are not the same as a maths test. You don't have to remember
formulae or write long proofs. The important characteristics of a numerical reasoning
- Multiple choice answers - no longhand answers or showing your
- No prior knowledge required - no equations to memorise (or
surreptitiously write on your arm).
- Strict time limits - some are generous while some are very
- Relevant to the workplace - modern tests are based on the kind
of numerical information you would deal with in the job.
- Based on only the information given - you should not make
assumptions about data you are not given.
Free example numerical reasoning tests
Click the link above to begin the test, or alternatively, download the questions
and solutions as a PDF below.
Click the link above to begin the test, or alternatively, download the questions
and solutions as a PDF below.
Buy more practice
Full access to our complete set of numerical reasoning tests and PDF downloads
What do I need to know for my numerical reasoning test?
The difficulty level of the maths involved in a numerical reasoning test is only about as
difficult as GCSE level. The tricky part is interpreting the numerical data and figuring
out what calculation is required, under the pressure of the count-down timer. Here is a
list of the most common operations you can expect in your numerical test:
- Percentages (including percentage changes)
If you don't feel comfortable with any of these questions, focus your practice on that
type of question. You could also dig out your GCSE notes if you still have them. And
remember you are more often than not allowed to use a calculator with these tests.
Try to work both quickly and accurately during your test. Most tests don't employ
negative marking but some new tests are starting to, so ask the test administrator about
this before you start. Whilst they might not tell you, bare in mind that your accuracy
score is visible to the employer, so guessing answers will result in a low accuracy
score and may suggest to the employer that your numerical work is prone to error.
Research has shown that people who do well in their numerical reasoning test tend to
perform better in the job. That's precisely why employers use them!
Graduate and professional level numerical reasoning tests are the most difficult,
reflecting the calibre of candidate they are trying to select. They still use only the
seven basic maths skills listed above but they require you to analyse and interpret more
advanced data, and they have several steps to the same question.
Numerical Test Takers' FAQs
Are calculators allowed?
Yes for the typical graduate or middle-management numerical selection tests. But
there's no harm in asking the employer this question before your test to ensure
that during your practice, you can either use one or practice your mental
arithmetic. If you are taking your numerical reasoning test at an assessment
centre everyone will be lent an identical calculator to use to standardise the
testing experience. Most test administrators do not allow the use of
your own calculator, however it is a good idea to take you own just
in case they do allow it. By using your own calculator you will be familiar with
the button layout and functions so you will save a few vital seconds during your
test. If your test is online, obviously you get to use your own calculator.
Will I get marked down for incorrect answers?
A frequently asked question by candidates is "will negative marking be used?"
Most candidates want to know if it is sensible to guess the last few questions
if time runs out. The answer is that negative marking is unlikely to be
used, but accuracy will be assessed so don't just frantically click
answers in hope. Some online tests have software which tries to detect
guessing and will flag this up to the assessor. Even if they don't
know that you're guessing, you are risking a low accuracy score, which might
reflect badly on your attitude to work. Few assessors will reveal whether
negative marking will be used, they will just say "try to answer correctly as
many as you can". The test results will tell the assessor what percentage of
attempted questions you got right. Some companies will be looking to select
candidates with accurate and consistent results, while others will be more
interested in quantity of correct results and speed. Have a think about what
sort of person they are looking to recruit.
Should I get my friends to help with my online test - surely they'll never
Application processes that require the candidate to sit an online numerical
reasoning test and then subsequently another follow-up test at the assessment
centre often use candidate verification methods. This is an
automatic system which tries to verify that the online test was indeed completed
by the same candidate that attends the assessment centre. So don't get your
friends to help with your online test because they will probably work it out
when you attend the assessment centre!
The most common numerical reasoning tests used by employers
When you are invited by an employer to take a numerical reasoning test, try asking which
test publisher they are using. You can then go to that test publisher's website to get
more information and possibly example test questions. Some HR staff are surprisingly
helpful with this. If you are taking a numerical reasoning test in the UK, the chances
are it will be written by one of these companies:
1. SHL Verify Ability Tests - SHL (now part of CEB) are the most widely
used test publisher so you are likely to come across their tests during your job hunt.
Their numerical tests have a time limit of between 17 and 25 minutes so you will need to
work quickly and accurately to perform well.
2. Kenexa Ability Tests - Kenexa are part of IBM and are another large
test publisher. Their numerical tests look to the candidate very similar to those from
SHL. So if you practice for a Kenexa numerical test, you will be well prepared for an
SHL test, and vice versa. Kenexa typically allow candidates 20 minutes to answer 24
3. Talent Q Elements Numerical Ability - the big difference with these
tests is that they are adaptive. That is to say the difficulty of each question is
automatically determined by your performance in the previous question. So the questions
become more difficult as you progress in order to quickly find your level of numerical
ability. A typical time limit is 90 seconds for questions with a fresh set of
information and 75 seconds per question after that. Also the number of multiple choice
options is a lot greater compared with what you might be used to from SHL, making it
more difficult to make a best guess.
4. Criterion Partnership Utopia numerical critical-reasoning test -
these tests have an environmental theme. There are 30 questions with a time limit of 45
minutes but beware the questions get progressively more difficult.
5. Cubiks Reasoning for Business - designed to test candidates'
business-orientated numerical reasoning skills. You usually get less than a minute per
6. TalentLens Rust Advanced Numerical Reasoning Appraisal (RANRA) - aims
to measure deduction and evaluation skills as well as numerical ability. Time limit 20
minutes. This test is often given in combination with the Watson Glaser Critical
7. Mendas Financial Reasoning Test - a mix of verbal comprehension and
financial ability. Slightly more information to take in compared with standard numerical
tests. There are 22 questions with a time limit of 35 minutes. Used by the FCA, similar
to the new financial reasoning test being used by the NHS.
8. Bespoke numerical tests - many larger companies prefer to have their
own tests created which closely match the situations candidates can expect in the job
role. These tests vary slightly in style and time limit but you will still benefit from
practising the industry-standard tests on AssessmentDay.co.uk.
Preparing for your numerical reasoning test
The most important way to prepare for your test is to take practice questions because
this will reduce the element of surprise and will allow you to perform to your true
ability. But don't stop there; adopt these test-taking techniques to really make sure
you shine on the day.
- Practice - practice does make perfect!
- Find out more about the test - ask the employer which test you are taking and if
they have any practice material.
- Get an early night - when the clock is ticking you need to be 100% alert to pick
up all the marks you can.
- Arrive in plenty of time - this applies to tests you take at an assessment
centre. You won't perform your best if you're flustered and out of breath.
Effective test-taking strategies
So, you've prepared for your numerical reasoning test, how should you approach the
questions when you are taking your test for real? As well as practice, there are some
strategies to think about which might help.
1. Listen to instructions carefully - before your test begins the test
administrator will read out the instructions. It is very important you pay attention to
these and that you understand them. This is your opportunity to ask questions. You will
not be allowed to ask questions once the test has started.
2. Get the most from practice questions - before the test starts you
usually have a few example questions. These are not timed but there to get familiar with
the test layout. Take your time to understand these questions and feel free to ask
questions at this stage.
3. Ignore other people - don't let yourself become distracted by how
quickly or slowly other people are answering the questions. It is important to focus on
what you are doing.
4. Beware the multiple choice options - most multiple aptitude tests
have what are called distractors. These are options which are deliberately similar to
the correct answer or the answer to a silly mistake. Beware of these; they are designed
to test if you are reading the question properly.
Your rights as a test-taker
It is in the interests of the employer to treat all applicants fairly; after all they
don't want to overlook potential talent. Every employer must receive your informed
consent to be tested, which in practice means providing you with information on:
- The nature of the test and what it is designed to measure.
- The relevance of the test to the job you are applying for.
- How the results of the test will be used in their selection decision.
- Who will have access to the results and how long will results be stored.
- Whether you will be provided with feedback after your test.
Should your test time be adjusted? For example candidates with disabilities are sometimes
entitled to extra time to complete their test (this can include dyslexia). Some test
publishers prefer to give all candidates the same time limit but then make a judgement
on whether raw scores should be adjusted. Employers aim to be fair to all candidates and
want to avoid being accused of positive or negative discrimination. If you do have a
disability, get in touch with the test administrator and they will make sure you are
If you are not happy with anything you are being asked to do, make sure you say something
before you sit your test; otherwise they might just think you want to make excuses for a
perceived bad performance
The use of numerical reasoning tests
If a job requires working with numbers and numerical information, the employer would be
sensible to use numerical psychometric testing to predict which candidates are likely to
perform well in the role. If a role doesn't require strong numerical skills, the
employer shouldn't be using a numerical test as a selection criteria. We know how much
importance employers place on numerical reasoning ability, we also know that performing
your best under strict timed conditions can be difficult. That's why we want to open up
the test process and let you know what to expect. Practice can mean the difference
between securing that position and losing it.
Our practice tests will ensure that you're fully prepared for your real test, letting you
relax and perform to the best of your ability. You'll have a much better idea of what to
expect and will be able to get your numerical reasoning skills up to scratch, hopefully
leaving you in a much better position than you would otherwise be.
So, if you're looking for a way to improve your aptitude test score, practice can help
significantly. Since our practice tests are designed by experts, they could make all the
Not many people enjoy being tested but it remains an effective way for employers to find
the most suitable candidates. Remember psychometric tests are as much about checking
your fit with the organisation as they are for the job's fit for you. So take heart from
the fact that if you didn't pass a particular test the chances are that you wouldn't
have found the job enjoyable or suitable.
If you've done lots of practice questions, read our tips and had a good night's sleep
you've done everything you can do to give yourself the best chance of success in your
numerical reasoning test.
Finally, good luck - we're rooting for you!