What Is Deductive Reasoning?

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Author: Ben Hopgood
Updated: October 01, 2020

Practice tests, solutions, and tips to help you pass your deductive reasoning tests.

The Concept Behind Deductive Reasoning Tests

The concept behind deductive reasoning tests is to assess the candidate's logical deduction problem solving ability. By processing the premises given, one has to reach a logically certain conclusion. Deductive reasoning tests are a form of aptitude assessment. These tests are used to for a broad array of test candidates. Deductive reasoning is a highly useful, transferable skill.

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Deductive reasoning tests are one type of psychometric test frequently used in selecting applicants for job roles such as engineering and IT. You have to think logically and methodically against the clock to deduce the logically correct conclusion from the given premises. Usually the best way to approach deductive reasoning tests is to spot a certain and unwavering variable. From there, one can pit the other clauses against the variable, and quickly check to see how the information juxtaposes with the next premises. Practice will help. As with all aptitude tests, try to work both quickly and accurately. If you are unsure of an answer, you should leave it and come back to it at the end if you have time. Before you sit down for your real deductive reasoning test, try a free sample test below.

Inductive logic is different from deductive logic. With deductive reasoning, possible outcomes are explored and discounted in order to arrive at the only possible outcome without contradicting the given premises. Sudoku puzzles are a classic test of deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning is open and explorative. It examines the applicant's ability to reach general conclusions based on perceived patterns observed in specific events. Real-life arguments are often inductive; which is why employers want to know how good you are at inductive reasoning. They require you to think analytically and to hold multiple, and perhaps contradictory, variables and in your head at a given moment. The skills required to do well in an deductive reasoning test are applicable to many jobs but particularly applicable to engineering, science and IT.

Visual Learning - Free Video Tutorial

With something as abstract as deductive and inductive logic, it can important for many learners to see something tangile with their own eyes. A visual demonstration of the logic in action. As such, we have prepared a free video tutorialto help bridge this gap.

In the video below, we go through a deductive reasoning question slowly but carefully and examine how the deductive logic works in answering the question correctly. If you want a methodical approach to tackling a deductive reasoning question, please feel free to watch the video.

And Now for the Test!

Now that you have gone through the ways in which deductive logic works, and it difference to inductive logic, it is now time to try one of our free tests out for yourself and put your learning into practice. We recommend taking it online for the necessary time constraints. When you are finished, look at the solutions to any questions that you may have got incorrect. These screenshots will inform you of the type of questions contained therein.

Free Deductive Reasoning Test

This free deductive reasoning test contains 11 questions and has a time limit of 13 minutes.

And finally...

Feel free to take the above deductive reasoning free test, and let us know any comments you may have. Afterwards, click the button to continue taking practice deductive reasoning tests to further hone your deductive reasoning skills.

Finally, good luck - we're rooting for you!

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