What Is Deductive Reasoning?

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Author: Ben Hopgood
Updated: October 01, 2020

Practice tests, solutions, and tips to help you pass your deductive reasoning tests.

Deductive Reasoning Tests Explained

The concept behind deductive reasoning tests is to assess the candidate's logical deduction problem solving ability. By processing the premises given, one has to reach a logically certain conclusion. Deductive reasoning tests are a form of aptitude assessment. These tests are used to for a broad array of test candidates. Deductive reasoning is a highly useful, transferable skill.

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Deductive reasoning tests are one type of psychometric test frequently used in selecting applicants for job roles such as engineering and IT. You have to think logically and methodically against the clock to deduce the logically correct conclusion from the given premises. Usually the best way to approach deductive reasoning tests is to spot a certain and unwavering variable. From there, one can pit the other clauses against the variable, and quickly check to see how the information juxtaposes with the next premises. Practice will be a huge help with this.

As with all aptitude tests, try to work both quickly and accurately. If you are unsure of an answer, you should leave it and come back to it at the end if you have time.

Here is a breakdown of a couple deductive reasoning questions taken from our tests:

Inductive logic is different from deductive logic. With deductive reasoning, possible outcomes are explored and discounted in order to arrive at the only possible outcome without contradicting the given premises. Sudoku puzzles are a classic test of deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning is open and explorative. It examines the applicant's ability to reach general conclusions based on perceived patterns observed in specific events. Real-life arguments are often inductive; which is why employers want to know how good you are at inductive reasoning. They require you to think analytically and to hold multiple, and perhaps contradictory, variables and in your head at a given moment. The skills required to do well in a deductive reasoning test are applicable to many jobs but particularly applicable to engineering, science and IT.

Visual Learning - Free Video Tutorial

With something as abstract as deductive and inductive logic, it can important for many learners to see something tangile with their own eyes. A visual demonstration of the logic in action. As such, we have prepared a free video tutorialto help bridge this gap.

In the video below, we go through a deductive reasoning question slowly but carefully and examine how the deductive logic works in answering the question correctly. If you want a methodical approach to tackling a deductive reasoning question, please feel free to watch the video.

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Free Deductive Reasoning Test

Now that you have gone through the ways in which deductive logic works, and its difference to inductive logic, it is now time to try one of our free tests out for yourself and put your learning into practice. We recommend taking it online for the necessary time constraints. When you are finished, look at the solutions to any questions that you may have got incorrect.

Deductive reasoning takes more than just one test to become sharp. In order to be comfortable and confident when sitting a deductive reasoning test you need several hours of practise.

Free Deductive Reasoning Test

This free deductive reasoning test contains 11 questions and has a time limit of 13 minutes.

More Deductive Reasoning Tests

We have 8 tests (160 questions) that are guarenteed to give your test score and your confidence that needed boost!

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